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 حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج 24 سبتمبر 2015

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مُساهمةموضوع: حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج 24 سبتمبر 2015    الخميس 08 سبتمبر 2016, 10:01 am

كيف نجا الحاج صدقي من الموت بأعجوبة في حادثة تدافع منى؟ (صور)
التاريخ:7/9/2016 


 عمّان ـــ قسم الترجمة
"أنا أموت .. أنا أموت .. أريد شربة ماء"
كانت هذه العبارة الأبرز التي علقت في ذهن الحاج الأمريكي المسلم من أصل هندي رشيد صديقي منذ أن وقعت حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج المنصرم.
في يوم 24 سبتمبر 2015 وتحت الشمس الحارقة في المملكة العربية السعودية كان الحاج رشيد القادم من ولاية أتلانتا الأمريكية والبالغ من العمر (42 عاما)، حافي القدمين، عاري الصدر وفي حالة ذهول بعد أن نجا من الموت بأعجوبة وسط التدافع الشديد لآلاف الحجاج في واحد من أسوأ الحوادث في العالم منذ عقود.
ووفقا لصحيفة نيويورك تايمز الأمريكية التي التقت صديقي في منزله بولاية أتلانتا مستذكرة وأياه ما جرى في موسم الحج بالتزامن مع توافد الحجيج على مكة لأداء الفريضة الخامسة فان الرواية الكاملة عما جرى بقيت ملتبسة وغير واضحة، فوفقا للصحيفة التي تنقل عن وكالة اسوشيتيد برس الأمريكية فان العدد الحقيقي للقتلى بلغ 2400 شخص فيما تقول السعودية إن العدد لم يتجاوز 765 شخصا.
وتلمز الصحيفة من باب الخلاف الإيراني السعودي لكون العدد الأكبر من الضحايا كانوا من إيران التي وضعت شروطا للسماح لمواطنيها بالمشاركة بالحج هذا الموسم.
وقد ازداد عدد الحجاج القادمين للمملكة عشرة أضعاف منذ الحرب العالمية الثانية عام 1939 حيث وصل عددهم إلى أكثر من مليوني شخص العام الماضي رغم تقليص العدد بفعل توسعة الحرم خاصة جسر الجمرات الذي شهد وفاة عشرات الحجاج عام 2006 بفعل التدافع أيضا.
فجر منى ..الهدوء الذي يسبق العاصفة
استيقظ السيد صديقي قبل الفجر داخل خيمته المضاءة. وكان قد بقي مستيقظا حتى وقت متأخر قبل أن يستيقظ لأداء صلاة الفجر التي لم ينم قبلها سوى ساعة واحدة لكنه كان نشيطا ومتيقظا كما يقول.
كان صديقي يعمل قبل أسبوعين من مجيئه للحج كمدير لشركة عقارية في الرياض، لكنه استقال وقرر في اللحظة الأخيرة أن يؤدي فريضة الحج قبل مغادرة السعودية، ولم يكن يعلم أنه سيكون على بعد مسافة قصيرة من النجاة بأعجوبة من موت محقق.
جهز صديقي نفسه لرحلة على خطى الرسول عليه السلام بملابس الإحرام ضمن مجموعة كبيرة من الحجاج في مشهد احتفالي جعله يتوقف بين الحين والآخر لالتقاط بعض الصور التذكارية، حيث يقول أن المشهد كان هادئا والحجاج في حالة استرخاء بعكس ما كان يسمع من الحجاج الذي حدثوه عن المشقة في الحج.
ويبدو أن ما كان يتحدث عنه الحاج صديقي كان الهدوء الذي يسبق العاصفة، حيث يصف ما جرى بعد ذلك بالزوبعة التي احدثها رجال الأمن الذين أغلقوا الطريق في جسر الجمرات واجبروه على اخذ طريق بديل دون توضيح الأسباب.
قبل ذلك بدقائق كان الحاج صديقي يتحدث لزوجته بأتلانتا عبر الهاتف بمكالمة فيديو يصور لها المشهد عن قرب وجعلها تتحدث لأخيها وزوجته الذين كانوا في رحلة الحج برفقة الحاج صديقي حيث تبادلوا التحيات عبر الهاتف لآخر مرة في حياتهم.
بدأت الأمور تزداد سوءا وسقط الحاج صدقي أرضا وقال إنه لم يعد يرى سوى الحشود القادمة من كل مكان وهناك لم يعد يعرف ماذا يفعل حيث سقط 3 مرات بفعل التدافع.
وأضاف" كنت أرى الحشود تركض لكن لا نعلم ما السبب وهو ما أدى الى سقوط المزيد من الحجاج على الأرض الذين كنت اسمعهم يرددون الشهادتين قبل الموت، حيث أدى التدافع إلى لجوء كثير من الحجاج إلى تسلق الأسوار القريبة للهرب وسط حالة الفوضى التي تركت كثير من الحجاج عراة بفعل هذا التدافع".
وتابع" كثير من حالات الوفاة وقعت بفعل الاختناق، خسرت هويتي التي ضاعت وسط الحشود وركضت حافي القدمين، وكانت الجثث تملا المكان حيث اضطررت للدوس عليها للنجاة من الموت.. كنت أسير كرجل ميت".
عند انتهاء الجلبة عاد صديقي لإكمال شعائر الحج ورمي الجمرات وأسرع لخيمته للاتقاط انفاسه وتفقد صهره وزوجته الذين كانوا في عداد المفقودين وهناك بقي يبحث لـ 4 أيام متواصلة عنه دون جدوى وقام بإلغاء رحلته لاتلانتا من اجل البحث في المشرحة والمستشفيات المجاورة دون جدوى".
بعد 10 أيام من البحث المتواصل عثر صديقي على جثة صهره وقد توفي بفعل التدافع فيما أبلغته السلطات السعودية أنها دفنت زوجة صهره التي عثرت عليها بعد التدافع وتم التعرف عليها من خلال فحص الحمض النووي".
بعد الحادثة كان هناك اقتراحات من بعض الدول بتدويل الحج إلا أن السعودية رفضت ذلك وأعلنت في حزيران الماضي أن الأساور الإلكترونية ستعطى للحجاج هذا العام ليسهل التعرف عليهم.
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج 24 سبتمبر 2015    الخميس 08 سبتمبر 2016, 10:12 am

On Sept. 24, 2015, hundreds, maybe thousands, of pilgrims were crushed to death at the hajj in Mecca.

Rashid Siddiqui survived.
This is his story of that day.

By SARAH ALMUKHTAR and DEREK WATKINS
“I’m dying.
I’m dying. I need water.”
Rashid Siddiqui kept hearing those words from his fellow Muslim pilgrims lying mangled on the ground in 118-degree heat, under a searing Saudi sun. Barefoot, topless and dazed, Mr. Siddiqui had somehow escaped being crushed by the surging crowd.
It was Sept. 24, 2015, the third morning of the hajj, the annual five-day pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, by millions of Muslims from around the world. By some estimates, it was the deadliest day in hajj history and one of the worst accidents in the world in decades.
An American from Marietta, an Atlanta suburb, Mr. Siddiqui, 42, had been walking through a sprawling valley of tens of thousands of pilgrim tents. His destination: Jamarat Bridge, where pilgrims throw pebbles at three large pillars in a ritual symbolizing the stoning of the devil.
He was less than a mile from the bridge when the crush began.

Hundreds, and probably thousands, died. But nearly a year later, the Saudi authorities have yet to explain exactly how the disaster happened. Nor have they provided what is widely considered an accurate death toll. Many of the victims came from Iran, Saudi Arabia’s bitter rival, creating a new source of acrimony between the countries that led Iran’s government to bar its citizens from the hajj this year.
Deadly crowd crushes once frequently marred the hajj, especially around the Jamarat Bridge. The Saudis sought to prevent such calamities by expanding the bridge after more than 360 people died near it in 2006.
After the expansion, there were no major episodes — until last year.
A count by The Associated Press, derived from official and state news reports of the dead from 36 countries with pilgrims in Mecca, found that at least 2,400 people had died. The Saudi authorities, however, still give an official death toll of 769.
Sub-Saharan
Africa
Deaths, by region of origin
 
Southeast
Asia
Middle East
and North
Africa
 
South
Asia
 
Iran
 
 
135
334
368
464
1,103
The New York Times|Source: The Associated Press
Despite years of accusations of mismanagement, the Saudi royal family has repeatedly insisted on its right to supervise the hajj.

All Muslims who are physically and financially able to complete the hajj are obliged to do so at least once in their lives. Under Saudi Arabia’s ruling royal family, which regards the king as the custodian of Islam’s holiest sites, the number of pilgrims coming from outside the country has grown more than tenfold since World War II.
In recent years, two million to three million people have attended the annual hajj.
2012
3.2 million
Last year
2 million
Pilgrims at the hajj, in millions
1996
’00
’05
’10
2015
The New York Times|Source: Saudi Central Department of Statistics and Information
The Saudis have poured tens of billions of dollars into expanding pilgrimage accommodations that often cater to the wealthy, who can pay upward of $2,700 a night for choice hotel rooms overlooking the Kaaba, the black cube that is considered to be the House of God, at the center of Islam’s holiest mosque in Mecca.

But even the wealthiest pilgrims spend part of the pilgrimage in an enormous tent city, known as Mina, where Muslims are grouped according to the part of the world they come from.

Mr. Siddiqui awoke before dawn inside a brightly lit tent. He had stayed up late, chatting and drinking tea with friends, then slept on a floor mattress beside dozens of other pilgrims separated by canvas partitions.
Despite the hour, Mr. Siddiqui said, he felt fresh and strong. Two weeks earlier, he had been working as a building information manager in Riyadh, the Saudi capital, but he quit and decided at the last minute to make his first hajj.

He was surprised to find the pilgrimage relaxing — almost like a vacation, he said — not the grueling trek that some hajj veterans had warned him to expect.
Dressed in sandals and his ihram, the men’s hajj clothing of two white, cloth wraps, Mr. Siddiqui washed, prayed and ate breakfast from the tent’s buffet with his companions, relishing the communal experience.
He hung his official identification card around his neck and placed valuables in his belt pack — a wallet, a local cellphone and a smartphone to call his wife, Farah, who was at home with their two children in Marietta.
About 6:30, Mr. Siddiqui exited his tent, ready to follow the footsteps taken by the Prophet Muhammad more than a millennium ago.

Walking with a group that included his brother-in-law, his brother-in-law’s wife and a few friends, Mr. Siddiqui stopped often to take photographs he would post on Facebook.
He was awed by the diversity of the crowd, with people of varying skin colors from all over the world, carrying the flags of their countries.
In what seemed like a hiccup, they were stopped by guards who had closed their intended route, for reasons yet to be made clear. Looking around, Mr. Siddiqui said, they saw a lot of people taking an alternate route via an overpass, and they decided to follow.

Mr. Siddiqui video-called his wife to share the excitement. It was past midnight in Atlanta, and she had just finished preparing for Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of Sacrifice, celebrated to signify the end of the hajj.
Watching the hajj over the phone, Mrs. Siddiqui said, she was blinded by what she saw — a sunlit sea of people in white. Mr. Siddiqui then caught up to his brother-in-law and turned the camera on him. Her brother seemed intent on his destination, Mrs. Siddiqui said, and stopped just long enough to greet her with a salute. Her sister-in-law also smiled and waved.
It would be the last time she would see or speak with her brother and his wife.

Their path began to narrow. Mr. Siddiqui fell in behind his companions as they shifted to single file, hands on one another’s shoulders. He felt pressure from the crowd building as more people poured in.

Up ahead, Mr. Siddiqui noticed pilgrims scrambling up tall fences on both sides of the road, apparently attempting to escape something. He had a moment to wonder whether he should do the same. He never had the chance.
Mr. Siddiqui was pushed, fell two or three times and lost the rest of his group. People around him were chanting final prayers to God.
The crush felt like being caught in a wave. Bodies pressed in on him from every direction.
He could move only as the crowd moved. There was not an inch of space left.
The push and pull of the crush stripped the clothing off many pilgrims, leaving them naked as they struggled to climb the fences.
“I was really scared at that time,” Mr. Siddiqui said. All he could think about was his family.

Muslims from outside Saudi Arabia seeking to perform the hajj are required by the Saudi hajj ministry to travel in organized groups, through private travel agencies or national delegations.
Because Mr. Siddiqui, an American citizen of Indian origin, was already in Saudi Arabia, he was able to register through a local agency in Riyadh that caters to people of Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi origin.

When he finally reached the bridge, a woman handed him stones to throw and an umbrella for shade. Maybe she had taken pity on him because he was half dressed and dirty, but they did not exchange any words. She just seemed to know that he was in need. He could not even muster a thank you.
Mr. Siddiqui completed the Jamarat ritual, but does not remember how many stones he threw.
By the time he got back to his tent, he knew that his in-laws were missing. He had called them repeatedly but got no answer. They did not show up at the tent that night.

For the next four days, in between completing the final rituals of the hajj, Mr. Siddiqui walked for hours in the heat to hospitals and clinics. There was no information.
The Saudi authorities did not provide a centralized place to assist people searching for loved ones, Mr. Siddiqui contended, so he checked each facility every day. He walked 90 minutes to a morgue, but guards refused to let anyone in.
Mr. Siddiqui canceled his flight home to Atlanta and, with his sister-in-law’s family, continued searching after the hajj ended. Every day, they repeated the same routine and found nothing.
In all, Mr. Siddiqui said, about 20 members of his family became involved in the search. They followed every lead, often finding only rumors and misinformation.

When they heard, for example, that the Indian consulate had a list of all of the missing pilgrims from India, Mr. Siddiqui and his family headed there immediately. But Mr. Siddiqui’s brother-in-law and wife were not on the list.
Other relatives of victims were also frustrated. Syed Shahzad Azhar of Pakistan lost his mother and brother. It took nine months and DNA tests to confirm his mother’s death.
But Mustafizur Rahman, who lost his sister Sabina in the crush, said Saudi hospital employees had been very helpful. He flew from his home in Bangladesh to Mecca and identified her two weeks later in a photograph while reviewing a slide show of photographs of the dead.

Maj. Gen. Mansour al-Turki, a spokesman for the Saudi Interior Ministry, said after the crush that it appeared to have been caused by two large groups of pilgrims converging onto Street 204.
Iran, which had the most deaths, blamed what it has described as Saudi mismanagement and criminal negligence. The victims were “murdered” by the Saudis, Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said on Sept. 5.
The authorities in Indonesia, which sends more pilgrims to the hajj than any other country and lost nearly 130 citizens in the disaster, also expressed frustration with the Saudi response, saying they were not given full access to victims and hospitals for days.
Pakistan, a close ally of Saudi Arabia and large recipient of Saudi aid, has played down the Pakistani death toll and warned the local news media to avoid criticizing hajj management.
The Muslim Public Affairs Council, an American policy advocacy group, released a statement calling for an independent investigation, and transparency from Saudi Arabia. The group also suggested that the Saudi authorities relinquish management of the hajj to international control, an idea the Saudis have rejected.
In June, the Saudis announced that electronic bracelets would be given to pilgrims this year to ease identification. The Saudi hajj ministry has also imposed new restrictions on when pilgrims can perform the stoning at Jamarat Bridge. But despite promising to conduct an investigation, the ministry has not disclosed any findings related to the crush.

IRAQ
IRAN
SAUDI
ARABIA
EGYPT
OMAN
Riyadh
Mecca
RED
SEA
ARABIAN
SEA
SUDAN
YEMEN
The New York Times
Exhausted and eager to reunite with his wife and children, Mr. Siddiqui returned to Riyadh about 10 days after the crush. A few days later, he flew back to Atlanta while other relatives searched on.
Fifteen days after the crush, Mr. Siddiqui’s brother-in-law was confirmed dead at a morgue in Mina by his younger brother. He was buried in Mina a half an hour later.
After another two weeks, his brother-in-law’s wife was confirmed dead based on photographic evidence of her remains. By that time, she had been buried by the Saudi authorities.
The couple left behind two young children, who now live with their extended family in India.
Since the crush, Mr. Siddiqui has questioned every action he took that changed his life. When he returned home, he researched what had happened, mapping out the routes he took and writing about his experience. Eventually, he said, he stopped looking for answers.
“I was there,” he said of the crush, but “I cannot tell you exactly the cause.”
Sources: Mina tent organization from Umm Al-Qura University. Hajj management information from the Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umrah website. Crowd crush dynamics based on “The Causes and Prevention of Crowd Disasters,” by John J. Fruin. Hajj history from “Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World,” by Robert R. Bianchi, and “Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam,” edited by Venetia Porter.
Sheikha Aldosary contributed reporting. Top photo by The Associated Press.
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج 24 سبتمبر 2015    الخميس 08 سبتمبر 2016, 10:23 am







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حادثة التدافع في مشعر منى في موسم الحج 24 سبتمبر 2015
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